Novethic publishes the 5th edition of its study on the supply of funds with an environmental dimension, with the support of ADEME. Named "The limits of green funds in Europe", the study shows that although this market reached €202 billion as of 30 June 2021 (+56% over six months), it still represents only 1.3% of European asset under management. The gradual deployment of SFDR (the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation) should improve the environmental focus of an offer still very much centered on CO2 indicators.
Novethic distinguishes three main categories of financial products earmarked as environmental:
The degree of environmental ambition of green funds must also be qualified. Novethic makes the distinction for the first time in 2021 between green funds, the usual panel of its study, and a new category: green-inspired funds. These are either multi-thematic products with an environmental focus, or so-called low carbon funds, or sustainability or social bond funds with an environmental component.
The rise in the greening of financial products is accompanied by a diversification of the offer. The most striking phenomenon of the last 18 months has been the emergence of a wave of funds focused on reducing carbon emissions, more than a third of which, in terms of assets under management, are index funds. These indices include a large proportion of tech and service companies at the expense of other more carbon-intensive issuers. This mechanism helps to reduce the carbon footprint of a portfolio but not necessarily the greenhouse gas emissions of the companies.
For thematic funds, the question of environmental performance is still unclear, given the low level of appropriation of indicators derived from investee companies and the virtual absence of reference to to the upcoming European taxonomy.
The entry into force of SFDR in March 2021 has led to the classification by asset management companies of their sustainable funds according to their degree of disclosure requirement. As of June 30, 2021, more than a third of the 381 green funds analysed by Novethic had no classification, a slightly smaller proportion was classified as “Article 9”, the most demanding category, and 20% in “Article 8”. This heterogeneity reflects the great disparity in the supply of green funds in Europe which, for the time being, seems to be in no hurry to adopt the new European framework on sustainable finance.